Title: Mine Health and Safety Regulations
Government Notice: GN R584 in Government Gazette 38970 of 10 July 2015
Date of commencement: 10 October 2015
Potentially affected controls: All explosive related licenses, permits, designated areas, standard operating procedures (SOPs) including blasting SOPs and competency requirements for personnel

Chapter 4, a whole new chapter on Explosives, has been included in the existing Mine Health and Safety Regulations, published under the Mine Health and Safety Act 29 of 1996. The chapter deals with the following:

  • Security in respect of explosives
  • Receipt, storage, issuing and transportation of explosives
  • Destruction of explosives
  • Approved explosives and the usage of explosives at mines
  • Primary and Secondary blasting to foe performed by a competent person
  • Management and control over explosives
  • Persons performing primary or secondary blasting may foe assisted
  • Certification of initiation apparatus and blasting systems
  • Precautionary measures before initiating explosive charges
  • Precautions after charges have been initiated
  • Precautions when initiating by means of electricity
  • Precautions for misfires, sockets and old explosives
  • Precautionary measures for marking, drilling and blasting
  • Prevention of flammable gas and coal dust explosions
  • Shot holes to be stemmed and tamped
  • Amount or mass of explosives in a shot hole
  • General precautions

A “competent person for explosives” has been defined in regulation 22.4 to mean a person who is in charge of workmen in a working place at the mine and who is the holder of a certificate or qualification recognised by the Department for this purpose, valid for the class of mine to which the mine belongs (for purposes of regulation 4.4(1)) or a person who (for purposes of regulation 4.4(3)):

(a) has been assessed and found competent against a skills programme recognised by the MQA for this purpose; or
(b)(i) is qualified by virtue of his/her knowledge, training, skills and experience to perform the activities contemplated in regulation 4.4(3);
(ii) is familiar with the provisions of regulation 4 which apply to the work to be performed by the person; and
(iii) has been trained to recognise any potential or actual danger to health or safety that may arise from the work to be performed by the person.